Solar rebates are fleeting in many locations—now you see them, now you don’t. Case in point, Burbank Water and Power (as is the case with its cousin in Glendale) is notorious for offering, and then taking away solar rebates. We monitor BWP’s website for new developments, and we have now learned that they will be holding a lottery for possible rebate funds next July. No additional details were made available; presumably they will be posted sometime in June.
Given that development, we decided to update our overall rebate status. Here is how things stand generally in the Run on Sun service area as of this date:
|Utility||EPBB ($/Watt)||PBI (¢/kWh)|
|(Click to see website)||Residential||Commercial||Non-Profit||Residential||Commercial||Non-Profit|
|Anaheim||Unavailable until June, 2014||Unavailable until June, 2014|
|Azusa||Wait List||Wait List|
|Burbank (BWP)||Lottery in July, 2014||Lottery in July, 2014 (30 kW or less)|
|Glendale (GWP)||Unavailable until 7/1/2014||Unavailable until 7/1/2014|
|Los Angeles (LADWP)||$0.40||$0.70||$1.45||Not used|
|SoCal Edison (SCE)||$0.20||$0.25||$0.90||2.5¢||3.2¢||11.4¢|
Here are a couple of very important qualifications to what appears in that table:
This is a moving target; watch this space.
We have just learned that the City of Burbank will once again be offering rebates for a very limited number of solar installations. Here are the details.
The total program is limited to projects below 30 kW; larger projects need not apply.
The program will pay rebates to residential customers at $1.28/Watt (CEC-AC) and $0.97/Watt for commercial customers. There is no carve out for non-profits, however they say that such entities “will be given lottery priority." Burbank says that is anticipates having enough funding for 50 residential and 10 commercial projects, with the allocation evenly split between the two. That figures to be around a total of 500 kW, 50 residential at 5 and ten commercial at 25 kW each. Surely the demand in Burbank is greater than that, so how will they handle the inevitable over-subscription? Easy - Burbank is holding a lottery.
Throughout the month of July, applications can be delivered to the offices of Burbank Water & Power. Then, on August 12, 2013, Burbank will hold a lottery and application numbers will be selected at random. (Not sure how that squares with giving non-profits “lottery priority".) The lucky few winners will be notified by August 16, 2013. “Winning” applications will have 1 year to complete their installation.
Not a great program by any stretch, but at least, for a while, Burbank is back in the game.
We have just learned that Burbank Water and Power (BWP) - which had suspended its solar rebates back in April 2011 - is introducing what might be the most bizarre rebate procedure ever - a rebate lottery! Here is the text of the announcement in its entirety from the BWP website:
Direction for how the program will accept new applications effective July 1, 2012 will be provided by the Burbank City Council on June 26. Staff is proposing the following:
Additional details will be posted on this web site in early July 2012. If you have additional questions please contact the program manager at email@example.com
- Retain the current policy of dividing the remaining non-Performance Based Incentive (PBI) budget amount evenly between residential and small commercial solar installations. This is projected to provide approximately $60,000 in incentives for each customer category.
- Lottery applications would be accepted from July 1 through September 1, 2012.
- On September 4, 2012, BWP would use a lottery system to provide an order of rebate consideration for both residential and commercial (including Not-for-Profit organizations)solar applications. Priority will be given to business accounts that fall under a not-for-profit designation.
- Applicants will be notified in early September of their lottery number and application status. ”Winners” will be provided one month to meet all previously defined system application requirements through BWP’s online PowerClerk system, including, but not limited to, a signed contract, meter service confirmation, and City permit application approval.
- Rebates would open at Step 6: $1.28/watt for residential installations and $0.97/watt for commercial installations.
If this announcement is to be taken at face value, this means that they will be setting up a two-month lottery for the chance to be one of maybe 12 residential projects to get a rebate and only one fo 2-4 small commercial projects. Seriously? All this Sturm und Drang for a grand total of 16 rebates? With no way for a BWP customer to know in advance whether they will be one of the lucky “winners"?
We sent an email to the address above asking for some clarification, but as of this publication we have not received a reply. If you think this “lottery” is as silly as we do, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org - maybe they will be more willing to respond to you!
While we weren’t watching, the folks at Burbank Water & Power (BWP) pulled the plug on their solar rebate program, continuing the trend of on-again/off-again solar rebate programs at Southern California municipal utilities which has also included LADWP and Glendale Water & Power in the past year. Of the local munis, only Pasadena Water & Power has managed their program without interruption.
Here is the announcement from BWP’s website:
Due to the overwhelming success of the BWP Solar Support Rebate program and budgetary restrictions, effective April 21st 2011 the program has been suspended. Only those rebate applications in the on-line software PowerClerk with a status of “Confirmed Reservation” will be paid. These payments will be made when all remaining documentation is provided, but no sooner than July 1, 2011. All other solar rebate applications will be canceled and paperwork mailed back to the installer. Please check back to this web site in the spring of 2012 for a possible update. Solar Installers with customers that wish to proceed without a solar rebate should contact the program manager at email@example.com for details about the Solar Interconnection Agreement and other requirements.
Pardon us for a contrarian view, but when you have to suspend your program mid-year, it isn’t an “overwhelming success” — it is mismanaged.
Potential solar clients and solar companies alike need predictability - not programs that can simply disappear without prior notice.
Which brings us to another curious thing about this website announcement - it says that the effective date for the program suspension was April 21, 2011 but the earliest public disclosure that we can find about the change is this article in the local newspaper, the Burbank Leader, titled “Burbank Officials Suspend Solar Rebate Program,” dated August 30! Now it is true that we do not monitor the BWP website on a daily basis, but it stands to reason that if this suspension had been announced earlier, we would be able to find some notice of it online before August 30 - four months after the suspension date! (Interestingly, the last press release displayed on the BWP website is from April 22 but it says nothing about the suspension.)
If that timing is accurate, it means that solar companies could have been devoting time and resources in a tight economy to developing business in Burbank for a third of a year, only to have that expenditure rendered largely useless at the caprice of another muni utility that cannot manage its budget.
Commercial solar power systems are economical now - and in the first part of our series we explained how understanding your bill is the key to understanding what is currently driving your costs and how much you will be able to save.
Now we turn to the next step in preparing to install a commercial solar power system - understanding the applicable rebates and tax incentives. We have written at great length before about these topics, including a blog post summarizing the year-end state of all solar power rebates in the Run on Sun service area and our solar tax incentives page provides great detail into this topic for all types of system owners - commercial, residential and non-profit. In this post we will analyze just those rebates and incentives that are applicable to commercial solar power installations.
Rebates for commercial solar power systems come in two flavors - Performance Based Incentives (PBI) and Expected Performance-Based Buydown (EPBB) - but PBI rebates are by far the more common for commercial systems above 30 kW. EPBB rebates are lump-sum payments made based on the expected performance of the system. The rebate rate is denoted in dollars per Watt based on the calculated AC Watts for the system. EPBB rebates are nice for the consumer as the money is paid as soon as the system is approved, but for larger systems, they represent too much upfront risk for the utility. Since there is usually no requirement to monitor the performance of the system, the utility ends up putting out its money with little guarantee of reaping the expected benefit.
PBI rebates, on the other hand, are paid out over five years based on the actual performance of the solar power system as verified by monitoring devices attached to the system inverter(s). PBI rebates are denoted in cents per kilowatt hour generated. Since the utility only pays for power actually provided, rebate dollars are guaranteed of providing the bargained for benefit. However, because of the need to provide the utility with verified performance data, PBI rebates increase the Operations & Maintenance expense of a commercial solar power system - at least for the five years of the rebate. On the other hand, if your system is well maintained and conservatively designed, you may actually receive more in rebate payments than originally projected.
Each utility will have a threshold system size beyond which the system owner must take a PBI rebate.
Of late there has been a great deal of turmoil among the local municipal utilities regarding their rebates. This has lead to uncertainty and delays. As of this writing, here is the landscape for commercial solar rebates in the Run on Sun service area:
|Utility||PBI Rate||EPBB Rate||PBI/EPBB Threshold|
|BWP||Suspended until August 2013||$2.07/W||30 kW|
|GWP||Suspended until 2015||???||???|
|LADWP||Suspended until July 2011||???||???|
This means that as of this writing, only SCE and PWP are paying rebates on commercial solar power systems greater than 30 kW. While LADWP is expected to come back online this summer, in what form remains to be seen.
We believe that these suspensions have come about because the lobby for commercial solar rebates is small and too often silent. Of course, when no public discussion occurs before the decision is made to suspend rebates - as happened in both Glendale and Burbank - it is pretty hard to organize solar supporters. Indeed, in Los Angeles, where the plans to severely limit solar rebates were publicly debated, the solar community came out in numbers to argue for those rebates - which resulted in LADWP only suspending their program for a comparatively short time.
The conclusion in inescapable - until there is a statewide feed-in tariff at a reasonable rate that offers predictability along with economic viability, the market for commercial solar in this state will continue to be subject to the caprice of unaccountable bureaucrats.
While the news regarding rebates remains murky, the news on the tax front is - at least for this year - very good.
One caveat before we begin - while we believe this information to be accurate as of the date that it is written, you must always consult with your tax professional as to the applicability of these incentives to your tax situation. Accountants shouldn’t design solar power systems and we don’t give tax advice.
Commercial solar power systems qualify for a federal Investment Tax Credit of a full 30% on the direct cost of the system. (By “direct cost” we mean those costs directly associated with installing the solar power system. The applicability of the Credit to indirect costs - such as deciding to re-roof your building before adding solar - must be decided on a case-by-case basis - see why that tax pro gets paid the big bucks?) That Credit can be taken over two years and is a substantial incentive if you have the tax liability to offset. Fortunately for systems that are put in service in 2011, commercial solar power system owners can elect to receive a Grant directly from the Treasury for the full 30%, regardless of their tax appetite. Moreover, that Grant is paid out typically within 60 days of project completion, as opposed to being credited in the next tax payment cycle. This provision in the tax code is subject to expiration at the end of this year, and there is no telling whether a more conservative Congress will renew it. (The tax Credit, however, continues through 2016.)
Commercial solar power systems also qualify for accelerated depreciation. For the past several years, that was a five year period with 50% in Year 1 and the remaining 50% divided evenly over the next four years. (California offers a similar depreciation schedule.) However, once again 2011 is special. This year alone, that depreciation is 100% in Year 1, meaning that system owners may realize more of their savings sooner.
Collectively, rebates and tax incentives can reduce the cost of a commercial solar power system by 50% or more. When combined with the savings from the energy generated, it is easy to see why a commercial solar power system is one of the best investments a building or business owner can make.